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Detail of Biography - Rabindranath Tagore
Name :
Rabindranath Tagore
Date :
Views :
625
Category :
Birth Date :
07/05/1861
Birth Place :
Calcutta.
Death Date :
1941
Biography - Rabindranath Tagore
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Rabindranath Tagore, son of Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, a leader of Brahmo Samaj, was born on May 7, 1861 in Calcutta. He was the fourteenth and the youngest child of Debendranath and Shardadevi. They lived in a joint household in Jorasanko. Tagore belonged to a family of poets, scholars, philosophers, artists, musicians and freedom fighters. The family name was actually Thakur; Tagore is its anglicized version. He grew up in the lap of nature, learning to love and worship it.[br /]
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Tagore was admitted into the Oriental seminary in 1868. Rabi, as Rabindranath was called in his childhood and young days, cleared his first examination with distinction and stood first in Bengali. At this time he got his first lesson in composing poems from Jyotiprakash, grandson of Girindranath, Rabi’s uncle. Soon he found himself in this new hobby and started filling it up with poems. But school and classroom was a bar with four walls. At this stage, special arrangements were made for imparting lessons in English. The lessons were held in the evenings. He used to feel so miserable that he would consider the birds luckier than himself as they did not know the art of lighting lamps and were spared the misfortune of taking lessons at night. His ideas were also expressed in form of poetry.[br /]
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[i]"I do not aspire to study and be learned[br /]

or be wise and a good boy as you wish[br /]

I would rather play always and wander about[br /]

To search for the corzune in the Mulberry bush.[br /]

When I hear the cart-driver’s song,[br /]

to cross the vast fields, he drives fast,[br /]

I cannot learn my lessons any long"[/i][br /]
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And promise to become uliterate at last.’He found lessons in the school uninteresting and hated the idea of punishment for making mistakes. He was then transferred to a regular school and thereafter to St. Xavier’s.[br /]
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[b]THE GUARDIAN ANGEL[/b][br /]
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In 1875, when Tagore was only fourteen years old, his mother passed away. This was the first time that he encountered death at such close quarters. Her death introduced him to the harsh realities of life. Deeply affected by the incident, he became extremely sensitive. He reached out to his sister-in-law (his elder brother’s wife), Kadambari for support. After that she always kept guarding Rabi, even when she would shift with her husband to places away from their ancestral house. She was a highly gifted lady. She not only loved literature but also took keen interest in it, particularly in poetry. She naturally felt delighted and encouraged the poetic talent of her brother-in-law, Rabi. She proved to be Rabi’s guardian angel who replaced his mother and alongside became his playmate, the company he wanted the most in the critical period of his adolescence. It was she who introduced Biharilal, the first lyric – poet in Bengal to Rabi. She also admired
Bankim Chandra Chaterjee’s writings. She preferred her younger brother-in-law to read them for her. Thus a warm friendship and love grew between young Rabindranath and Kadambari devi. Kripalne, an eminent biographer of Rabindranath described this love as : "Too deep and sacred to be categorized in terms of normal human relationship."[br /]
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[i]"Where Thou and in union with the multitudo.[br /]

I shall seek union with Thee,[br /]

Neither in the forest, nor in solchede,[br /]

Nor inside my own mind,[br /]

But where Thou art the beloved of everybody[br /]

Thou art my beloved too" –[/i][br /]
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At this time he wrote a patriotic poem, which was published in the Amrit Bazar Patrika. In fact, his first poem was written at the age of seven.[br /]
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Debendranath, who used to spend most of his days in Himalayas, returned in 1873 for Rabi’s sacred thread ceremony. After that Debendranath took Rabi with him to spend few months in Himalayas.[br /]
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On the way towards the hills, it was decided to spend a few days at Shantiniketan were his father had already built a garden house to spend time in meditation. The stay at Shantiniketan made a profound impression on his mind and long afterwards, played a significant part in shaping his future life.[br /]
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This journey disciplined him and taught him many things. He learnt Sanskrit from his father, wandered around freely in the mountains and forests, feasted his eyes on the scenic beauty and moved from peak to peak.[br /]
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This trip brought about a mutation in his character. The little boy who went to the Himalayas with his father was left behind in the mountains and Calcutta welcomed a grown-up man. During the four months that he spent in the Himalayas, he was completely separated from the routine of home and school life. The little hero had returned from his adventures. He was now a budding poet and was encouraged to develop self-discipline, independence of spirit and dislike domineering behavior.[br /]
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[b]IN ENGLAND[/b][br /]
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When Rabi was seventeen, his second brother Satyendranath suggested that Rabindranath should go to the United Kingdom to prepare himself for the Bar. His father also gave his consent and the two brothers sailed for England in 1878.[br /]
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He stayed there for about three years and studied English literature at the London University. He wrote long letters home talking about his experiences. His apparent liking for white women and the life there so alarmed his father that he asked Rabindranath to return home. He was sent to acquire an educational qualification but returned before that, following his father’s instructions.[br /]
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During the short stay at London, Tagore got good acquaintance with Western music. He noticed its difference from Indian music and the peculiarity of the western music that attracted him the most was its romantic characteristic.[br /]
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While in England he wrote a poem, Bhanga Hriday, in which he wrote about the sufferings of a broken heart away from home.[br /]
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[b]MARRIAGE[/b][br /]
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On December 9, 1883, he was married to Bhabatarini, the daughter of Benimadhav Chowdhury. She was ten years old, quite thin, not good- looking, almost illiterate and seemed to be old-fashioned. But Tagore accepted his father’s choice without even meeting her. The wedding took place at the family home in Jorasanko. Bhabatarini’s name was changed to Mrinalini. Rabindranath’s brother Dwijendranath suggested this change in name.[br /]
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[b]ANGEL’S LOSS[/b][br /]
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After his marriage, his sister-in-law Kadambari committed suicide for some unknown reason. Tagore now felt very lonely. During the most difficult and trying times of his youth, Kadambari had been there by his side. She had not only been a mother to him but had also supported and chastened his wild adolescent yearnings. Her death sharpened his sensibilities, giving his work even more depth and if anything, improving it. His overwhelming grief found expression in his poetry. ‘Tumki kebali chhabi’ (Are you only a portrait?).[br /]
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[b]SPROUTING OF A LITERARY GENIUS[/b][br /]
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Tagore was sent to Bombay, where a lady tutor was employed to teach him. A warm and affectionate relationship developed between them. She encouraged and inspired him. Inspired by her, he wrote a poem. He even gave his teacher a name, that of a character from his poem - Nalini.
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The period from 1890 to 1900 was the time when Tagore’s literary genius was at its peak. It was during these years that he wrote the best of his works like, Manashi, Sonar Tari, Chaitali, Ksamika, Kalpana and Kadi O Komal.[br /]
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Most of his works were written in Bengali. His narratives gave a glimpse of the life of women during that time. He was a staunch supporter of widow remarriage and the uplift of women.[br /]
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[b]SHANTINIKETAN[/b][br /]
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In 1898, Rabindranath with his life and five children, three daughters and two sons shifted, to his estate house in Shelaidah. He had decided to educate his children himself. From this time he was planning to start a school with a different class than that of the normal schools. Shantiniketan, where he had been with his father, haunted him and being there was his dream. He decided to start a school at Shantiniketan and on December 22, 1901, the school at Shatiniketan was inaugrated by Rabindranath with five pupils and five teachers.[br /]
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[b]SETBACKS[/b][br /]
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Much time had not passed and still school and family were being organized, when Mr. Mrinalini Devi fell ill and was brought to Calcutta. She could not recover and breathed her last on November 23, 1902.[br /]
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Mrinalini loved Rabindranath so deeply that to please him, she learnt Bengali as well as English and Sanskrit. She translated an abridged version of the Ramayan in Bengali from Sanskrit.[br /]
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Tagore had two sons and three daughters. In keeping with his reformist ideas, he got his son married to a young widow, Pratima Devi. Tagore’s work was probably the culmination of the cultural awakening that Raja Ram Mohan Roy dreamt of and fought for.[br /]
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In 1902, Mrinalini fell ill and was brought to Jorasanko from Shanti Niketan. Doctors were unable to diagnose her illness. Her death shattered Tagore and broke his heart. He poured his feelings out in a series of poems. But the cruel games that destiny played with him were not yet over, more deaths of his loved ones followed.[br /]
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His second daughter Renuka was diagnosed with tuberculosis. He desperately tried to save her life. It was then that he wrote Pnakhi (Deception, which appears in Palataka). He said:[br /]
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"When treatment for a year and a half wore out her bones[br /]

Then they said, ‘needs change of air’."[br /]
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The word ‘then’ reflects the pain that he felt. It was only when she was dying that they said this. His daughter Renuka passed away after few days of her mother’s death in sept.1903. Four years later his son Shamindranath died of cholera. He had gone on a trip to Munger, where he caught cholera and never returned. His father Debendranath also passed away. His personal losses metamorphosed into pieces of priceless literature. All the deaths that had occurred had been untimely. He wrote in the memory of his son,[br /]
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"When Biju went away to that world beyond death,[br /]

Cutting away the many bonds of his father-[br /]

It felt as though the dawn in my room had died from a bursting heart."[br /]
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[b]TAGORE THE NATIONALIST[/b][br /]
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Bengal was partitioned in 1905 and Tagore was gripped by the fever of nationalism. Though he was initially a supporter of Gandhi he could not accept his ideology and parted ways with anything political. In fact, it was Gandhi who had given him the title ‘Gurudev’. Though no two people could be as dissimilar as these two, as Nehru put it, they had a fond affinity for each other. Gandhi consulted Tagore on the methods to be used to gain freedom for India.[br /]
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Jawaharlal Nehru said of him and of Gandhiji:[br /]
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"Both Gurudev and Gandhiji took much from the West and from other countries, especially Gurudev. Neither was narrowly national. Their message was for the world. And yet both were one hundred percent India’s children, and the inheritors, representatives and expositors of her age-old culture. How intensely Indian both have been, in spite of their wide knowledge and culture! The surprising thing is that both of these men with so much in common and drawing inspiration from the same wells of wisdom and thought and culture, should differ from each other so greatly ! No two persons could probably differ so much as Gandhi and Tagore ! Again, I think of the richness of India’s age-long cultural genius which can throw up in the same generation two such master-types, typical of her in every way, yet representing different aspects of her many-sided personality."[br /]
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Though personal suffering left him a broken person, he did not spend time in grieving. Instead he poured out all his sorrow and pain into his writing and devoted his energies to various reform and nationalist activities. Gitanjali, his masterpiece was born out of this loss. He also translated it and it was acclaimed the world over. Wherever he travelled he was received with great enthusiasm and respect.
He then founded a school outside Calcutta, Shanti Niketan. It was dedicated to the emerging Western and Indian philosophy and education- one thing that he had wanted to achieve all his life. This was mainly because in India, he had to defend Western thought and outside he had to defend Indian thought. Shanti Niketan later became a university and was renamed Vishwa Bharati.[br /]
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His father bequeathed Tagore’s political ideals to him. He used his literature to mobilize social and political reform. His patriotic songs are cries for freedom and awakening. He who wrote the lyric Jana Gana Mana …. That was to be made the national anthem of India. He also wrote the national anthem of Bangladesh. He was a nationalist, like his father. But, foremost he was a poet, ‘the man who dreamt and inspired faith.’ He said, " It is the dreamer who builds civilization; it is he who can realize the spiritual unity reigning supreme over all differences of race." He staunchly believed that India must earn her freedom.[br /]
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[b]LATER YEARS[/b][br /]
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Tagore travelled beyond the mainland of India. He travelled to America where he met Einstein. He also went to England where he was acquainted with W.B. Yeats, and many other persons of literary merit. Many people were now reading the translations of the Gitanjali.[br /]
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After this he travelled to many parts of the world where he met many literary figures and exchanged ideas. He also wrote much and stayed at Shanti Niketan. His works, especially the Gitanjali, were translated into many languages and read all over the world during this period.[br /]
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In his later years he tried to finance the Vishwa Bharati University personally from his income from his lecture tours and the royalties that he received. By 1941 his health had deteriorated considerably. Tagore was plainly ready for death. He avoided leaving Shanti Niketan. The doctors insisted that he be operated upon or he would suffer frightfully. So, finally he consented. But, two weeks later, on the August 7, 1941, he died, in Jorasanko, where he was born. Residents came in thousands to take a last look at the poet who had stirred their hearts and their consciousness. His body was cremated on the banks of the Hoogly river.[br /]
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Today, he is the most widely read of the poets of Bengal. In fact he is the only poet that Bengal actually worships. For the people of India and abroad, he was the very quintessence of Indian culture and the living voice of India.[br /]
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[b]Rabindranath Tagore [1861-1941][/b][br /]
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Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was a creative epoch in whose wake great legions of inspired writers, poets, singers, musicians, linguists, historians, artists and philosophers emerged in India. Tagore, despite the fact that he wrote mainly in Bengali, was the voice of India. The extent of his influence on Bengali culture was so vast that no meaningful account is possible in the space of an article. The prohibitive and virtually impossible task of presenting Tagore’s supreme mastery in any other medium outside Bengali remains a major stumbling block. To accomplish this, access to the translations and interpretations of Tagore’s work should be broadened and not held back. Tagore’s genius, as well as, his human limitations in the areas of his life and works must be critically evaluated and not stashed away in a forgotten iron safe of presumed perfectionism.[br /]
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[b]1861[/b] Born on 7th May, at Calcutta.[br /]
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[b]1868[/b] Wrote his first poem at the age of seven.[br /]
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[b]1873[/b] Visited Bolpur, the to be Shantiniketan[br /]
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[b]1875[/b] Mother died[br /]
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[b]1878[/b] First book of poetry Sandhya Sangeet appeared.[br /]

Went to England for higher studies.[br /]
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[b]1880[/b] Came back to India.[br /]
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[b]1883[/b] Got married to Mrinalini Devi.[br /]
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[b]1884[/b] Kadamberidevi committed suicide[br /]
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[b]1887[/b] Rajarshi – published.[br /]
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[b]1889[/b] His first novel Raja Aur Rani was published.[br /]
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[b]1890[/b] Manashi, a collection of Tagore’s poems published.[br /]

Settled at Shilaidaha in Kushthia.[br /]
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[b]1893[/b] Poem – Sonar Tari – published.[br /]
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[b]1896[/b] Poem – Kadi O Komal – published.[br /]
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[b]1896[/b] Poem – Chaitali (late harvest) – published.[br /]
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[b]1898[/b] Settled at Shilaidaha in Kushthia[br /]
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[b]1899[/b] Poem – Ksanika – published.[br /]
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[b]1900[/b] Kalpana (Dreams) – published.[br /]
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[b]1901[/b] Naivedya (Offerings) – published.[br /]

Shantiniketan inaugrated[br /]
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[b]1910[/b] Gitanjali and Gora – published.[br /]
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[b]1911[/b] Jana Gana Mana… became the National Anthem.[br /]
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[b]1913[/b] The Gardener- published[br /]

The Crescent Moon- a collection of poems[br /]

Received the Nobel Prize for literature[br /]
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[b]1914[/b] Gitimalaya- a poem was published[br /]

The post Office,and Chitra, a drama-published[br /]
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[b]1915[/b] Knighted by King George of Britain[br /]
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[b]1916[/b] Fruit Gathering-published[br /]

Novel, Ghare Baire-published[br /]
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[b]1922[/b] Novel, Muktadhara-published[br /]
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[b]1924[/b] Vishwa Bharati University at Shanti Niketan inaugurated[br /]
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[b]1926[/b] A play, Raktakarabi-published[br /]
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[b]1929[/b] A volume of short stories, Yogayog- published[br /]
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[b]1941[/b] August 7, died at Jorasanko[br /]
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Tagore’s literary career spanned well over sixty years and the sheer variety of his work is spellbinding. He was a master of all forms of writing. Whether he wrote prose or poetry, his writing was always lyrical. Whatever he wrote bore the impression of strong personal feeling. His lyrical manner was in line with the Romantic lyricism of the 19th century. [br /]
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He has written more than one thousand poems, about two dozen plays, several volumes of short stories, eight novels and more than two thousand songs which he has also set to music. From 1928 to 1940 he produced some 2000 paintings. There are also prose writings on social, religious, political, and other issues. There are his famous conversations with the literary and scientific titans of his time, his numerous lectures all over the world, his English translations and moreover his works as a reformer and an educationist.[br /]
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He inherited from his father, a deep love for nature that is reflected in all his works. He was so much in love with it that he felt he was a part of it. His first book of poetry was Sandhya Sangit. He compared it with the struggle of the "sleep-smothered consciousness wrestling with nightmare in its efforts to make." It reflected romantic sensibility at work. At a very tender age, Rabindranath felt the unhappiness of an imperfect adjustment with the world and nature.[br /]
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In his next collection of poems, Prabhat Sangit his heart flows out to light from the depths of darkness.[br /]
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The next book was Manashi (The Lady of the Mind). By the time he wrote this book, mankind had become his subject. It showed his new-found confidence in his ability of expression. He turned his eyes from the beauties of the external world to beauty within. It expressed his anguish at the transience of life.[br /]
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Tagore’s was now a mature writer. His poem Sonar Tari (The Golden Boat) was the result of a Tagore who was conscious of his skills and limitations. This poem shows a peasant reaping corn, when a man comes in a golden boat and takes away his harvest. When the peasant entreats the boatman to take him along, he only smiles and goes away. The peasant is left standing on the bank of the river.[br /]
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In Chitra, we find his mysticism in a completely developed form.[br /]
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Gitanjali within a year of its translation took Europe by storm and earned him name and fame. He was awarded a Nobel Prize for it, becoming the first Indian ever to win it. It was with the money from the Nobel Prize that he established Shanti Niketan. In 1924 he inaugurated the Vishwa Bharati University there. This was his effort at blending the Indian and western methods of education. He is remembered as much for Shanti Niketan as for his literary genius.[br /]
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Gitanjali (Song offerings) is a book of devotional lyrics whose beauty is unsurpassed. It includes such lyrics as –‘Where the mind is without fear’ and ‘Where shadow changes light’. "Where the Mind is without fear", is sung in schools even today.[br /]
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Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;[br /]

Where knowledge is free;[br /]

Where the world has not been broken up[br /]

Into fragments by narrow domestic walls;[br /]

Where words come out from the depth of truth;[br /]

Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;[br /]

Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sands of dead habit;[br /]

Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action--[br /]

Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my planet awake.[br /]
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His novels centered around ordinary life. His first two novels were Bau Thakuranir Hat and Rajarshi. Both had historical themes. The psychological analysis of characters that went into his writing was reflected in his novels.[br /]
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Chokher Bali was another of his successful novels. A landmark in the history of Bengali prose fiction. The novel was based on the conflict between the individual and society. Through his novels, he tried to discuss social problems.[br /]
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After that, he wrote Gora, which is undoubtedly his masterpiece. It has made a place for itself in Bengali fiction. In this novel, he tried to hold a mirror up to the educated middle class.[br /]
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Then came his famous novel Ghare Baire. An analysis of a sensitive young mind and striving towards individualism was the theme of the novel.
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The most lyrical of his novels was Shesher Kabita. With this novel, he reached the peak of his literary prowess.[br /]
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Tagore was the first writer to write short stories in Bengali. Some of his short stories are Cloud and the Sun, The Post Master and Ambition. His short stories greatly influenced Indian literature and he was the one who first brought the element of psychological realism in Indian literature.[br /]

His other stories are Broken Nest, The Judge and The Letter of the Wife.[br /]

Also a great essayist, he has written critical, lyrical, moral and philosophical essays. His best essays are Education, Medium of Instruction, National Society. The essays expressed different feelings and moods. His other essays are The Track, The Rainy Evening, The Mind, and The Call of the Peacock.[br /]
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Besides being an essayist, a poet and novelist, he was also a dramatist. He wrote a play called Valmiki Pratibha in which he acted as Valmiki. In the play Prakriti Pratisodh there is a clash between two different ideologies.[br /]

His other plays are The King and the Queen, The Sacrifice and Malini.[br /]

His plays are dreamy and the flow of emotions make a tapestry of romantic lyrics. Some of his symbolic dramas are Sarodatsav, Prayaschitta, Raja, Achalayatan, Dak Ghar, Muktadhara and Rakta Karabi.[br /]
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Tagore composed songs, some of which were light and humorous and some that touched the heart. Tagore was very fond of music. He set many of his lyrics to music. The kind of music he composed became very popular and came to be known as ‘Rabindra Sangeet’. Today, ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ is taken to be a separate school of music.[br /]
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Even after pouring all his heart and soul into his works, he says, in the Gitanjali that his song is still unsung.[br /]
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"The song that I came to sing remains unsung to this day.[br /]

I have spent my days in stringing and in unstringing my instruments.[br /]

The time has not come true, the words have not been rightly set;[br /]

Only there is the agony of wishing in my heart.[br /]

The blossom has not opened ; only the wind is sighing by.[br /]

I have not seen his face, nor have I listened to his voice;[br /]

Only have I heard his gentle footsteps from the road before my house.[br /]

The livelong day has passed in spreading his seat on the floor;[br /]

But the lamp has not been lit and I cannot ask him into my house.[br /]

I live in the hope of meeting with him; but this meeting is not yet."[br /]
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His song was unsung he says but we have heard it, yes we have. Its echoes can be heard in every word that he has written.[br /]
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[b]INFLUENCE OF NATURE[/b][br /]
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Through Nature, Rabindranath felt his touch and realised his communion with him. All the devotional lyrics of Rabindranath are full of subtle expressions of closeness with God, which he felt. Rabindranath believed that God was the omniscient, omnipotent, almighty eternal power are manifested through Nature.[br /]
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Most of the devotional lyrics of Rabindranath speak of this ecstasy.[br /]
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"In such a night, when the rains are pouring down so heavy, [br /]

who art thou, who cometh silently like night, [br /]

beyond every body’s gaze. [br /]

The morning has closed the eyes and the winds are calling loud in vain. The sky has lost its blue and is covered with dark and dense clouds.[br /]

No birds sing in the flower-groves and the doors are shut, in every house. Who are thou, the lone traveller on the deserted path?[br /]

Oh! my lonely friend! Oh! my love![br /]

This room of mine is kept open for thee.[br /]

Do not pass in hurried footsteps by my doors [br /]

and vanish like a dream in complete disregard of me."[br /]

Despite the philosophical consolation, that nothing is lost in the world but the poems of Purabi are laden with the heart felt grief of the poet, that one day he has to depart and close his eyes to the "beautiful nature! The poem called the Last Spring, is one which he addresses Nature as his believed.[br /]
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[i]"Before the day is done, you have to fulfil this desire of mine. [br /]

Once for this only, we both would go to gather the Springflowers. [br /]

In your garden, the spring-months will come back again and again. [br /]

I pray to enjoy only one with you. [br /]

My days have passed by in vain, so long. [br /]

I had neglected them. [br /]

Suddenly to-day, when my eyes have met yours in the evening light, [br /]

I realise I have time no more. [br /]

So I am counting eagerly like a miser, [br /]

the days of my Spring, perhaps the last. [br /]

Oh! beloved! Do not be afraid! In your blossoming groves, [br /]

I will not stop long, nor would [br /]

I cast long and lingering looks behind [br /]

at the time of parting at the end of this day. [br /]

I will not lift my eyes to yours expecting to see tears in them. [br /]

Laugh my beloved! [br /]

Sweet and loud and run after the squirrel to frighten it; [br /]

I will not whisper in your ears, [br /]

the forgotten memories and try to stop your hurrying pace."[/i][br /]
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The conflicts in his heart and mind express romantic sensibility of the mind of Rabindranath Tagore[br /]
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[b]•[/b] A dewdrop is a perfect integrity that has no filial memory of its parentage.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] A mind all logic is like a knife all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Asks the Possible of the Impossible, "Where is your dwelling–place "? "In the dreams of the impotent", comes the answer.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Beauty is truth’s’ smile when she beholds her own face in a perfect mirror.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Bigotry tries to keep truth safe in its hand with a grip that kills it.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Death is not extinguishing the light; it is putting out the lamp because the dawn has come.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Everything comes to us that belongs to us if we create the capacity to receive it.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] If you shut your door to all errors truth will be shut out.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Let the dead have the immortality of fame, but the living the immortality of love.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Let us not pray to be sheltered from dangers but to be fearless when facing them.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Love does not claim possession, but gives freedom.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Love is an endless mystery, for it has nothing else to explain it.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Men are cruel, but Man is kind.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] The most important lesson that man can learn from his life is not that there is pain in this world, but that it depends upon him to turn it into good account, that it is possible for him to transmute it into joy … Man’s freedom is never in being saved troubles, but it is the freedom to take trouble for his own good, to make the trouble an element in his joy…that in pain is symbolized the infinite possibility of perfection, the eternal unfolding of joy.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] In love all the contradictions of existence merge themselves and are lost. Only in love are unity and duality not at variance. Love must be one and two at the same time. Only love is motion and rest in one. Our heart ever changes its place till it finds love, and then it has its rest…Bondage and liberation are not antagonistic in love. For love is most free and at the same time most bound.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Music fills the infinite between the two souls.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] The butterfly counts not months but moments, and has time enough.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in harmony with all existence.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] The significance which is in unity is an eternal wonder.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] Truth cannot afford to be tolerant where it faces positive evil.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] The fundamental desire of life is the desire to exist.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] That I exist is the perpetual surprise which is life.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] We gain freedom when we have paid the full price for our right to live.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] In Art, man reveals himself and not his objects.[br /]
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[b]•[/b] We live in this world when we love it.[br /]
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Comments - Rabindranath Tagore