Biography

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Biography Category
Detail of Biography - Shivaji
Name :
Shivaji
Date :
Views :
324
Category :
Birth Date :
10/04/1627
Birth Place :
-
Death Date :
April 5, 1680
Biography - Shivaji
Shivaji, free at last of the anxiety of his father’s capture, was prepared to strike a fresh blow. Shivaji reigned almost on entire Deccan. He had regained all the Maratha kingdoms in the area except Javli. Chandrarao More ruled on Javli. The land of Javli had a great strategical importance as it included a large strip of the Ghat Mahta, the borderland between Deccan and Konkan. The capital lay on the Par pass between highland and lowland. For various reasons it was important for Shivaji to have Javli or to have alliance with the ruler of Javli.[br /]
[br /]


But Chandrarao More did not want to get involved in any conflicts with Bijapur. Chandrarao More was in the position to refuse Shivaji for any alliance. With his hill-forts, his Mavlis and his extensive territories, it was impossible to attack him openly. Shivaji wanted Javli by fair or foul means. His two officers, Ragho Ballal and Sambhaji Kavji arranged the actual details of the plot. They sent a secret message to their leader, who dispatched a body of troops to wait in the jungles around Javli. When the net had been drawn round the doomed town, the two conspirators, who all this while, had kept the Raja engaged by a talk of a pretended matrimonial alliance between his daughter and their master, walked up to him in open darbar and stabbed him and his brother. Before people had realized what had happened, they rushed out through the crowd cutting down all who opposed them. At the same moment the Mavlis, emerging from their hidings, rushed into the town and stormed it. The Raja’s troops made a gallant resistance, but they were caught unprepared, and were quickly routed.[br /]
[br /]


In this sanguinary manner Javli was taken over by the troops of Shivaji. Various hill-forts of the Ghat Mahta were immediately stormed and the whole territory of Chandrarao More fell into the hands of Shivaji. Fall of Javli gave enormous power to Shivaji and at the same time he became a nightmare for Bijapur and various small states around. Shivaji became the king of Deccan and he was the Maratha leader with an inaccessible height of power. The deals following the fall of Javli with other kingdoms show their acceptance of Shivaji as ‘insurmountable’. The authority of Bijapur, north of Kolhapur, was practically extinct. Even the Savants of Wadi yielded, and agreed to a treaty by which they consented to pay to Shivaji one half of their revenue to garrison the forts and to maintain a body of infantry on their behalf.[br /]
[br /]

The only exception to this was the important port of Janjira. This port was the flourishing colony of African Mohammedans, who maintained a considerable fleet. Their governor was a gallant officer, Fateh Khan, usually called the Siddi on account of his Abyssinian origin. While the dices were rolling fast, Bijapur remained a silent observer. In order to understand the Bijapur authorities and its tame look at the increasing power of Shivaji, it is necessary to have an umbrella view of the situation or rather the entire Hindustan.[br /]
[br /]


In 1850, Aurangzeb, third son of Shah Jehan was appointed the Viceroy of Deccan for the second time. Aurangzeb, an adherent Sunni, hated Shia heritage of the Deccan almost as he did the Hindus. His first aim was to add to the Mughal dominions the independent kingdoms of Golconda and Bijapur. In 1655, when Shivaji made his treacherous attack on Javli, Aurangzeb marched against Golconda, and conquered it. Meanwhile Bijapur lost its King Adilshah and after his death his 19-year-old son Ali Adilshah ascended the throne. The territory under this young prince was

soon taken over by Aurangzeb in 1657. The winsome march of Aurangzeb was stopped when news arrived from Delhi that the old Emperor was quite ill and that Dara Shikoh, his eldest son had assumed the regency. Aurangzeb rushed towards Delhi and Shivaji got a handy opportunity to play his turn.[br /]
[br /]

When Aurangzeb started on his invasion of Bijapur, Shivaji with his usual manner sent ambassadors to him, acknowledging him as an overlord of the Deccan. Aurangzeb equally desirous of playing the game, put the ball in Shivaji’s court. This was the move to knock down their common rival – Bijapur. The Mughal army marched southward and Shivaji withdrew from that front and captured Junnar with a sudden raid. Next was the turn of Ahmednagar, but over there he was beaten off, but managed to carry a 1,000 good cavalry mounts. He had realized that to beat the troops in the plains, cavalry were essential and the small ponies of the Deccan, however suitable for the mountain warfare, could not stand for a moment against a heavy horse. While his raids were on, Aurangzeb returned and Shivaji concentrated his efforts on him. He sent an ambassador, asking for pardon for what had occurred. Aurangzeb, master of the game, returned a gracious answer. [br /]
[br /]
[br /]

Comments - Shivaji